Medical Ethics
Michael Green
Manuel Vargas
phone, office information

Medical Ethics: summer internships

Summer - 1998 - Autumn

The Lorry Lokey Stanford Environmental Internship Program and The Bowen H. and Janice Arthur McCoy Charitable Foundation Stanford Internships at the Environmental Defense Fund (EDF)

S.F. Bay Area (Oakland), CA and Washington D.C.

* * *

The Environmental Defense Fund (EDF): EDF is a non-profit conservation organization that employ scientists, economists, attorneys, computer modelers, and other environmental professionals who seek innovative solutions to a wide array of environmental problems. EDF successes include securing a nationwide ban of DDT, winning a 90% reduction of lead additives in gasoline, and playing a key role in reauthorization of the Clean Air Act. EDF worked with McDonald's (fast food) Corporation to create a waste reduction program that included a phaseout of the polystyrene "clamshell" package and increased use of recycled materials. EDF has over 300,000 members nationwide, with offices in New York, Washington, DC, North Carolina, Texas, Colorado, and California. Staff in EDF's West Coast office work to protect and restore water resources and threatened populations of fish and wildlife, control toxic chemicals, improve air quality, promote energy efficiency and recycling, and monitor international issues. More information on EDF can be found in the "reference folder" in the Human Biology Office.

The Lokey and McCoy Internship Programs: The Lorry Lokey Stanford Environmental Internship Program and the Bowen H. and Janice Arthur McCoy Charitable Foundation Stanford Internships will support the internships of four Stanford University students at EDF in 1998. These EDF internships offer a unique education experience. Interns work directly with experts in science, law, economics, computer modeling, public education, and other disciplines. In addition, interns learn about a wide range of environmental issues and gain experience in innovative ways to address those problems. Interns develop skills and gain experience that can serve them well in their future professional careers.

Lokey and McCoy Interns help further EDF's environmental protection goals by researching and analyzing data, writing reports, and attending meetings and conferences. In the past three years, interns have helped EDF's efforts to protect endangered species, reduce human exposure to toxic chemicals, address international environmental issues, and protect salmon and other threatened fish population in California and the Pacific Northwest.

How the Internship Program Works Lokey and McCoy Internships last for one academic quarter (summer or fall) and can be structured in one of two ways:

Option One: Human Biology/4 credits/120 hours/3 weeks plus 7-8 week paid internship. An intern can spend a 10-week academic quarter working full-time at an EDF office. For the first three weeks (120 hours) of the internship, the intern will receive 4 units of academic credit (Pass/No Pass) that satisfy the internship requirement of the Human Biology Department. For the remaining seven/eight weeks of the internship, the intern will receive a stipend of $300 per week. Time periods will be arranged on a mutual agreement between EDF and intern.

Option Two: Paid Summer Internship/8 weeks/ No Academic Credit. The intern receives a stipend of $300 per week. Time of internship will be mutually agreeable upon EDF and intern.

How to Apply for an Internship Students can pick up an application form and a list of 1998 internship opportunities in the Human Biology Department office (Building 80) at Stanford University. Applicants should complete the application form and attach a cover letter, resume, transcript of grades, and writing sample. Completed applications should be submitted to Professor Russ Fernald, Director of the Human Biology Program, by Thursday, May 21, 1998. Final decisions will be made within one or two weeks.

All students in Human Biology are eligible. EDF seeks a diverse workplace. Students with financial need are encouraged to apply.

These internships are made possible by the support of Stanford Alumnae Lorry Lokey of San Francisco, CA and the Bowen H. McCoy and Janice Arthur McCoy Charitable Foundation of Los Angeles, CA. The internships are coordinated by Tom Huntington, Development Director, Western Region in EDF's West Coast Office in Oakland, CA.

Descriptions of 1998 Environmental Defense Fund/Stanford Internships

During 1998, the Environmental Defense Fund (EDF) will award four internships (of the six below) to undergraduate or recent graduate students in Human Biology from Stanford University. Interns may work on any of the following projects at the locations listed. Students rank their preferred internships (see application), and EDF and Stanford faculty match student to appropriate internship. Because of the number of applicants and the limited number (4) of internships available, we are not able to award internships to all those who apply.

** Internships in EDF's West Coast Office (Oakland, CA)**

1. International Program -- Protecting Rivers and Wetland in Developing Countries - World Commission on Dams (WCD) EDF Scientist Deborah Moore has recently been appointed to the World Commission on Dams - launched by, but wholly independent of, the World Bank and the World Conservation Union/IUCN. The WCD is a result of the growing controversies surrounding the world's countless existing and proposed dams and water development projects, from the Auburn (CA), Glen Canyon (AZ/UT), and Columbia River (Pacific Northwest) dams in the American west to the Three Gorges, Narmada, Bakun, Pangue, and Katse dams in Asia, Latin America, and Africa. There are more than 300 major dams and more than 40,000 large dams worldwide, which have provided water for irrigation, industrial, municipal and hydropower uses and have displaced upwards of 30 million people, cost billions of dollars, endangered one-fifth of the world's freshwater fish, and destroyed irreplaceable wetlands areas.

The internship will involve working with Deborah Moore to support her efforts within the WCD. Work will involve evaluating the social, environmental, and economic impacts of large dams around the world, researching information about 50 possible case studies of dams in different regions, alternatives to dams, and dam removal issues; writing public information materials; networking and reaching out to NGOs, academics, experts, and media around the world; organizing computer-based materials and interactive communications. Out of these assessments, the WCD will develop an internationally-acceptable set of guidelines and standards for future water development projects, and guidelines for dam safety and dam removal. The Commission's final report and recommendations will be delivered to the global community in the year 2000. An intern's work products and tasks will include writing memos, issues papers, fact sheets, and press materials; networking with other groups via phone and email; organizing information and correspondence; and handling logistics for Commission meetings, public hearings, and expert panels. Internship available Summer or Fall of 1998.

2. Environmental and Human Health Program - EDF Website Research and Development Technically savvy environmental intern needed! The Environmental Health Program at EDF just launched a unique new internet service called Scorecard ( that provides localized information on pollution and health risks and we need energetic people to help us manage and expand it. The project is large and open enough that the intern could choose to work on any one of the following areas depending on interest and skills: work with other community-based organizations in the Bay Area to develop a tutorial for the Scorecard so that novice computer users can take advantage of this complex and powerful resource; finding and acquiring electronic data sets that expand the Scorecard's scope of pollution sources; expanding EDF's capacity to use information technologies for environmental benefit by researching what we can achieve with our newly acquired audience and what would be required for other programs within EDF to use a similar internet-based strategy; applying database skills to develop new Scorecard modules.

The intern should be very comfortable with Windows platforms (95/NT), and have experience with database applications. Hands-on experience with MS Access and SQL programming desired and other programming skills related to UNIX or tcl/tk also sought. Interest in pollution prevention and sustainability indicators a plus. The intern will be supervised by EDF Environmental Health Engineer Ken Leiserson and EDF Senior Scientist Bill Pease, Ph.D. Internship available in the Summer or Fall of 1998.

3. Oceans Program - Researching Ocean Fisheries and the Establishment of Marine Reserves EDF seeks an intern to work on projects to establish marine reserves and reform fisheries management off the Pacific coast of the United States. The intern would also help scope the potential for EDF projects in other parts of the Pacific. We would prefer students with course work and research experience relevant to marine ecology, fishery dynamics, marine reserve design, or related fields. The intern will be supervised by EDF Senior Scientist Rod Fujita, Ph.D. This internship is available in the Summer or Fall of 1998.

4. Development/Public Education Program - Cataloging and modernizing EDF's Film/Video/Slide and Printed Public Education Materials. EDF's Development Department seeks a student interested in communications and public education who will set up a library and resource center of EDF's film and printed educational and development materials. These materials will focus on numerous EDF programs including Western Water Resources, Environment and Human Health, Transportation, Oceans, Energy, and the International environmental issues. This intern will be supervised by EDF Development Director, Western Region, Tom Huntington. Available in the Summer or Fall of 1998.

** Internships in Capitol Office (Washington, DC)**

5. International Program - Research and Communications with NGO's in Brazil The EDF International Program is seeking an intern with some Portuguese language skills to research export credit agency involvement in infrastructure development in Brazil. The project will involve interviewing World Bank and InterAmerican Development Bank staff, attending NGO (non governmental organization) meetings, and reviewing official Brazilian government publications and web sites in order to understand and track infrastructure development plans (in the Amazon in particular) and analyze patterns of international financing for them. The project will include a search of Portuguese language financial publications. The results will be used to inform Brazilian environmental, indigenous and indigenous rights organizations of infrastructure development plans and their possible international financing mechanisms, as well as to develop case studies for EDF advocacy on the environmental and social policies of the export credit agencies. The intern will be supervised by EDF anthropologist Stephan Schwartzman, Ph.D. This internship is available in the Summer and Fall of 1998

6. Wildlife Program - Research and Implementation of Endangered Species and Wildlife Protection Plans The expected work plan for the intern would be to assist Senior Attorney Michael Bean, Senior Ecologist David Wilcove, Program Associate Margaret McMillan, and Economist Robert Bonnie with research and implementation of programs related to endangered species conservation, restoration of habitat, and related topics. In addition, the intern may be asked to attend Congressional hearings, to assist in researching and writing Congressional testimony, and to help evaluate proposed legislation. Students with backgrounds in biology, economics, or related disciplines would be particularly valuable to us. The intern should be a self-starter who can work independently. Available in the Summer or Fall of 1998.

Application Form 1998 Stanford Internships at the Environmental Defense Fund (EDF)

The Lorry Lokey Stanford Environmental Internship Program and the Bowen H. and Janice Arthur McCoy Charitable Foundation Stanford Internships are available to undergraduate students in Stanford University's Program in Human Biology. Students spend the summer or one quarter working on environmental science, policy, law or education projects at the Environmental Defense Fund, working under the supervision of EDF's professional staff. The 1998 internship opportunities at EDF are described on pages 3-5.

To apply for a 1998 internship, please complete this application form and attach 1) this form
2) a cover letter describing why you are interested in an EDF internship, and what classes you have taken or other experience you have which is related to environmental issues;
3) a resume
4) your transcript of grades
5) a writing sample
Completed applications should be submitted to Dr. Russ Fernald in the Human Biology office by Thursday, May 21, 1998.

City/State:_____________________________________________ Zip:_____________
E-mail: _______________________________________________________________

I. Please review the attached description of 1998 Internship Opportunities (page 3), and list your top three choices below:
First Choice:__________________________________________________________
Second Choice:________________________________________________________
Third Choice:_________________________________________________________

II. When would you like to have your internship take place?
_______ Summer Quarter, 1998
_______ Fall Quarter, 1998

III. Please review the description of the Lokey and McCoy Internship Programs at EDF (see Page 2), and indicate whether you prefer:
_______ Option 1 (120 hours/4 credits plus 7-8 week paid internship)
_______ Option 2 (Paid Internship/No Credit)

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